2010 Physical Sciences Review » Biographies » William R. (Bill) Moninger

William R. (Bill) Moninger

William R. (Bill) Moninger

William R. (Bill) Moninger


Global Systems Division


Dr. Moninger is a physicist currently developing data quality assurance, data analysis and display systems for meteorological data. Current application areas include:

  • Acquisition, quality control, and display of meteorological data from scheduled commercial airlines ("AMDAR", "ACARS", and "MDCRS" data).
  • Statistical verification of weather forecasts.
  • Interactive display of surface temperature, wind, and precipitation data, and of upper air data from models and in-situ sensors.

Dr. Moninger has been displaying scientific results on the web since 1995, and was founding chair of his laboratory's World Wide Web Working Group.


  • Colorado College, BS (Physics), Phi Beta Kappa, 1966
  • University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, MS, 1968; Ph.D. (Physics), 1971

Research Interests

Model evaluation and verification; Processing, analysis, and distribution of automated weather reports from commercial aircraft (AMDAR); Presentation of Numerical Weather Prediction data and other scientific data on the internet, quality control of meteorological data, computer supported cooperative work (groupware), hypermedia, and test and evaluation.


  • 2004-present – Invited US Technical Expert to the World Meteorological Organization AMDAR panel.
  • December 2008 - ESRL/GSD Web Award (with Susan Sahm) for Model Verification Sites "… The sites have been crucial in identifying model weaknesses and evaluating the fixes to those weaknesses."
  • December 2005 - NOAA Research Employee of the Year. For work with AMDAR data.
  • December 2005 - Earth System Research Laboratory / GSD Web Award for the AMDAR Data Display "…This site is considered to be far and away the best web site on global aircraft data anywhere."
  • October 2005 - NASA Aviation Safety and Security Program Award. For "outstanding contributions to aviation weather safety research and development."

Recent Publications

  • Moninger, W. R., Stanley. G. Benjamin, Brian D. Jamison, Thomas W. Schlatter, Tracy Lorraine Smith, Edward J. Szoke, 2010: Evaluation of Regional Aircraft Observations using TAMDAR, Conditionally accepted for publication in Weather and Forecasting
  • Benjamin, S. G., Brian D. Jamison, William R. Moninger, Susan R. Sahm, Barry E. Schwartz, and Thomas W. Schlatter, 2010: Relative short-range forecast impact from aircraft, profiler, radiosonde, VAD, GPS-PW, METAR and mesonet observations via the RUC hourly assimilation cycle. Accepted for publication in Monthly Weather Review
  • Devenyi, Dezso, W. R. Moninger, S. R. Sahm, M. Hu, S. G. Benjamin, and S. S. Weygandt, 2009: Monitoring observation-model differences in the real time Rapid Refresh System. 23rd Conference on Weather Analysis and Forecasting/19th Conference on Numerical Weather Prediction, Omaha, NE, AMS
  • Benjamin, S., S. Weygandt,, J. M. Brown, T. Smirnova, D. Devenyi, K. Brundage, G. Grell, S. Peckham, W. R. Moninger, T. W. Schlatter, T. L. Smith, and G. Manikin, 2008: Implementation of the radar-enhanced RUC. 13th Conf. on Aviation, Range, and Aerospace Meteorology, New Orleans, LA, AMS
  • Moninger, W., S. G. Benjamin, B. D. Jamison, T. W. Schlatter, T. L. Smith, and E. J. Szoke, 2009: TAMDAR jet fleets and their impact on Rapid Update Cycle (RUC) forecasts. 13th Conference on Integrated Observing and Assimilation Systems for Atmosphere, Oceans, and Land Surface (IOAS-AOLS), Phoenix, AZ, AMS