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Uttal T., A. Makshtas and T. Laurila (January 2013): The Tiksi International Hydrometeorological Observatory - An Arctic members Partnership. WMO Bull., 62 (1), 22-26.

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The global community has recognized over the last few years the importance of the weather and climate of the Earth’s Polar Regions.Particularly sensitive to human activities, the Polar Regions have also demonstrated the potential for impacting reciprocally on the livability of the more heavily populated lower and mid-latitudes. In response, the WMO Polar Observations, Research and Services (PORS) was developed to “…promote and coordinate relevant programmes that are carried out in the Antarctic and Arctic regions by nations and by groups of nations.” The Polar Activities resolution of the WMO Executive Council Panel of Experts on Polar Observations, Research and Services also encourages “Members, particularly those that have operational activities in Polar Regions, to consider the possibility of cooperating with other Members in sharing the costs of re-opening and operating previously functioning stations, in expanding existing stations or in deploying new observing and communication systems.” The Tiksi International Hydrometeorological Observatory in the Russian North on the shore of the Laptev Sea is a unique example of the kind of multi-national effort that is recommended by the Polar Activities resolution. The impetus for the Tiksi Observatory planning, which preceded the resolution, was the International Polar Year – actually a two-year period between March 2007 and March 2009. The Russian Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring (Roshydromet) submitted a focused proposal to the International Polar Year committee entitled “Developing the Atmospheric Observatory of Climate Monitoring in Tiksi,” which the committee clustered with related Arctic observatory proposals under the umbrella activity “International Arctic Systems for Observing the Atmosphere.” As a result, the modernization and integration of the Tiksi Station into a pan-Arctic observing network became a priority not only for Russia but also for US and Finnish agency partners who also recognized the requirement for a broad spectrum of regionally specific Arctic observing perspectives.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: PSD Publications
Divisions: Physical Sciences Division