100 Years of Progress in Forecasting and NWP Applications
Over the past 100 years, the international science community including government weather services, the proliferation of environmental observations, improved scientific understanding, growth of technology, and the media have together radically transformed weather forecasting into an effective, global and regional environmental prediction capability. This chapter traces the evolution of forecasting starting in 1919 (when the American Meteorological Society was founded) over four eras separated by breakpoints at 1939, 1956, and 1985. The current state of forecasting could not have been achieved without essential collaboration within and among countries in pursuing the common weather and earth-system prediction challenge. The AMS itself has had a strong role in enabling this international collaboration.