Community Global Observing System Simulation Experiment (OSSE) Package: CGOP. Description and Usage
A modular extensible framework for conducting Observing System Simulation Experiments (OSSEs) has been developed with the goals of (1) supporting decision-makers with quantitative assessments of proposed observing systems investments, (2) supporting readiness for new sensors, (3) enhancing collaboration across the community by making the most up-to-date OSSE components accessible, and (4) advancing the theory and practical application of OSSEs. This first implementation, the Community Global OSSE Package (CGOP), is for short- to medium-range global numerical weather prediction applications. The CGOP is based on a new mesoscale global nature run produced by NASA using the 7-km cubed sphere version of the Goddard Earth Observing System Model, version 5 (GEOS-5) Atmospheric General Circulation Model and the latest (January 2015) operational version of the NOAA global data assimilation (DA) system. CGOP includes procedures to simulate the full suite of observing systems used operationally in the global DA system, including conventional in situ, satellite-based radiance, and radio occultation observations. The methodology of adding a new proposed observation type is documented and illustrated with examples of current interest. The CGOP is designed to evolve, both to improve its realism and to keep pace with the advance of operational systems.