• Mauna Loa
    Photograph by Forrest Mims III
  • John Chin and Dave Keeling
    Photograph by Forrest Mims III
  • Lidar
    Photograph by Forrest Mims III
  • Road to Mauna Loa
    Photograph by Darryl Kuniyuki
  • Water Vapor Balloon Flight
    Photograph by Forrest Mims III
  • Sun Sensor
    Photograph by Forrest Mims III
  • Mauna Loa Sunset
    Photograph by Forrest Mims III
  • Tower
    Photograph by Forrest Mims III

Mauna Loa Observatory (MLO) is a premier atmospheric research facility that has been continuously monitoring and collecting data related to atmospheric change since the 1950's. The undisturbed air, remote location, and minimal influences of vegetation and human activity at MLO are ideal for monitoring constituents in the atmosphere that can cause climate change. The observatory is part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) - Earth System Research Laboratory (ESRL) - Global Monitoring Division (GMD).

Latest News

Carbon dioxide levels rose at record pace for 2nd straight year
March 13, 2017

Carbon dioxide levels rose at record pace for 2nd straight year

Carbon dioxide levels measured at NOAA’s Mauna Loa Baseline Atmospheric Observatory rose by 3 parts per million to 405.1 parts per million (ppm) in 2016, an increase that matched the record jump observed in 2015.
 2015 State of the Climate: Carbon Dioxide
August 2, 2016

2015 State of the Climate: Carbon Dioxide

Using measurements taken worldwide, scientists estimated that 2015’s global average carbon dioxide concentration was 399.4 parts per million (ppm), a new record high. At Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawai’i, where atmospheric carbon dioxide has been recorded longer than anywhere else in the world, the annual average carbon dioxide concentration was 400.8—also a new record, and a new milestone.
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Examples of Data:
MLO CO2
CO2
MLO Solar Transmission
Apparent Solar Transmission
Water Vapor Profile
Water Vapor Profile
Meteorology Wind Rose for Mauna Loa
Meteorology

Location

  • Country: United States Country Flag
  • Latitude: 19.5362° North
  • Longitude: 155.5763° West
  • Elevation: 3397.00 masl
  • Time Zone: Local Time + 10 hour(s) = UTC

Contact

  • Contact Name: Darryl Kuniyuki
  • Address: NOAA - Mauna Loa Observatory
    1437 Kilauea Ave. #102
    Hilo, Hawaii, 96720, United States
  • Phone: (808)933-6965
  • Fax: (808)933-6967

Data

Additional Information