Nighttime Fire Observations eXperiment (NightFOX) - UAS wildfire measurements in support of FIREX-AQ and fire weather forecasting
When: 2019 wildfire season
Where: Western U.S.
Who: Investigators and mission support include ESRL CSD and GSD, the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES), Aerospace Department at the University of Colorado Boulder, the University of Colorado Integrated Remote and in Situ Sensing (IRISS) Program, the University of Colorado Denver, the University of Utah, and the NOAA Unmanned Aircraft Systems Program Office.
A UAS observation system is uniquely suited for nighttime measurements. Wildfires burn differently at night and there is a need for nighttime MCE (Modified Combustion Efficiency). Manned research aircraft typically do not fly at night due to perceived risks. Additionally fire extent and radiative power at night are needed for model forecasts (fire and plume).
NightFOX addresses two of the NOAA UAS Program Office's 2017 objectives: to "evaluate observing strategies using long endurance (i.e. >2 hours) fixed wing UAS" and to "evaluate, test, calibrate, and validate UAS payloads."
- Develop and evaluate in-situ (fire plume) and remote-sensing (fire perimeter and radiative power) UAS payloads for wildfire measurements.
- Evaluate the capabilities of the S2 (SuperSwift) UAS, and its suitability for wildfire observation operations (wildfire UAS Observation Systems (UASOS)).
- Perform nighttime wildfire observations during the NOAA/NASA FIREX-AQ field campaign.
- Evaluate the wildfire observing strategies. Incorporate fire observations to inform, test, and improve fire weather modeling.