- Western wildfire Experiment for Cloud chemistry, Aerosol absorption and Nitrogen (WE-CAN)
- Fire and Smoke Model Evaluation Experiment (FASMEE)
- Nighttime Fire Observations eXperiment (NightFOX)
- Fire Influence on Regional to Global Environments Experiment and Air Quality (FIREX-AQ)
The NCAR/NSF sponsored field study in July and August 2018 will systematically characterize the emissions and first day of evolution of western U.S. wildfire plumes. The project will focus on three sets of scientific questions related to fixed nitrogen, absorbing aerosols, cloud activation and chemistry in wildfire plumes. The data will be collected from the NCAR/NSF C-130 research aircraft.
FASMEE offers the opportunity to sample one or more large prescribed fires planned and executed by JFSP partners. This objective will take priority when and if burns are announced. Planned and controlled burns are of special interest, because maximum information will be available on the variables affecting fire behavior, development, dynamics, and emissions. Along with the information gathered before, during, and after the fire, airborne observations gathered during FASMEE provide the best chance for bridging laboratory and ambient fires. Fuels from potential FASMEE burn sites were burned during the Fire Lab 2016 intensive experiement.
UAS wildfire measurements made during the 2019 wildfire season will be used to characterize nighttime combustion efficiency, smoke, fire perimeter, and fire radiative power at high spatial resolution to inform, test, and improve fire weather forecasting.
Combines the previously separate NASA FIREChem and NOAA FIREX aircraft campaigns to better study the atmospheric effects of wildland and agricultural fires in the U.S. This offers significant advantages to the research community by optimally leveraging the scientific interests, personnel, and assets of NASA, NOAA, other agencies, and academic partners in a fully integrated program of field measurements, modeling, and interpretation. The joint FIREX-AQ program benefits from the knowledge base developed from detailed emissions characterization by NOAA and partners in the FIREX Fire Lab 2016 study. The NASA DC-8 aircraft offers an unparalleled payload capacity for comprehensive characterization of fire emissions, provides the flight envelope required to study chemical transformations during long-range transport, and enables sampling of both Western wildfires and agricultural/land-management burning emissions across the United States. The NOAA Twin Otter aircraft provides a complementary near-field ability to study daytime and nighttime chemical processing in lofted plumes from Western wildfires. The joint FIREX-AQ program further combines in-situ surface and airborne observations with remote sensing data to inform retrieval validation for wildfire emissions and plume optical properties.