Vecherin S. N., V. E. Ostashev, C. W. Fairall, D. K. Wilson and L. Bariteau (November 2013): Sonic Anemometer as a Small Acoustic Tomography Array. Bound-Lay. Meteorol., 142 (2), 165-178. doi:10.1007/s10546-013-9843-9

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Abstract

The spatial resolution of a sonic anemometer is limited by the distance between its transducers, and for studies of small-scale turbulence and theories of turbulence, it is desirable to increase this spatial resolution. We here consider resolution improvements obtainable by treating the sonic anemometer as a small tomography array, with application of appropriate inverse algorithms for the reconstruction of temperature and velocity. A particular modification of the sonic anemometer is considered when the number of its transducers is doubled and the time-dependent stochastic inversion algorithm is used for reconstruction. Numerical simulations of the sonic anemometer and its suggested modification are implemented with the temperature and velocity fields modelled as discrete eddies moving through the sonic’s volume. The tomographic approach is shown to provide better reconstructions of the temperature and velocity fields, with spatial resolution increased by as much as a factor of ten. The spatial resolution depends on the inverse algorithm and also improves by increasing the number of transducers.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: PSD Publications
Divisions: Physical Sciences Division
DOI: 10.1007/s10546-013-9843-9
URI: http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/pubs/id/eprint/999