Kuester M. A., M. J. Alexander and E. A. Ray (October 2008): A Model Study of Gravity Waves over Hurricane Humberto. J. Atmos. Sci., 65 (10), 3231-3246. doi:10.1175/2008JAS2372.1Full text not available from this repository.
Atmospheric gravity waves are known to influence global circulations. Understanding these waves and their sources help to develop parameterizations that include their effects in climate and weather forecasting models. Deep convection is believed to be a major source for these waves and hurricanes may be particularly intense sources. Simulations of Hurricane Humberto (2001) are studied using the fifth-generation Pennsylvania State University–National Center for Atmospheric Research (PSU–NCAR) Mesoscale Model (MM5). Humberto is simulated at both tropical storm and hurricane stages. Fourier transform and wavelet analysis are employed to investigate wave characteristics and their behavior in the lower stratosphere. The Fourier analysis gives a regional view of storm affects, whereas wavelet analysis gives a local picture of isolated events. Analysis of the movement of convective sources and local winds gives further insight into the mechanisms that can cause gravity waves. Convectively generated gravity waves are observed in the lower stratosphere of this model with horizontal scales of 15–300 km, vertical scales of 4–8 km, and intrinsic periods of approximately 20–100 min.
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