Ostashev V. E., I. P. Chunchuzov and D. K. Wilson (December 2005): Sound propagation through and scattering by internal gravity waves in a stably stratified atmosphere. J. Acoust. Soc. Am, 118 (6), 3420-3429. doi:10.1121/1.2126938Full text not available from this repository.
A stably stratified atmosphere supports propagation of internal gravity waves (IGW). These waves result in highly anisotropic fluctuations in temperature and wind velocity that are stretched in a horizontal direction. As a result, IGW can significantly affect propagation of sound waves in nighttime boundary layers and infrasound waves in the stratosphere. In this paper, a theory of sound propagation through, and scattering by, IGW is developed. First, 3D spectra of temperature and wind velocity fluctuations due to IGW, which were recently derived in the literature for the case of large wave numbers, are generalized to account for small wave numbers. The generalized 3D spectra are then used to calculate the sound scattering cross section in an atmosphere with IGW. The dependencies of the obtained scattering cross section on the sound frequency, scattering angle, and other parameters of the problem are qualitatively different from those for the case of sound scattering by isotropic turbulence with the von Kármán spectra of temperature and wind velocity fluctuations. Furthermore, the generalized 3D spectra are used to calculate the mean sound field and the transverse coherence function of a plane sound wave propagating through IGW. The results obtained also significantly differ from those for the case of sound propagation through isotropic turbulence.
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