Knupp K. R., R. Ware, D. Cimini, F. Vandenberghe, J. Vivekanandan and E. R. Westwater (June 2009): Ground-Based Passive Microwave Profiling during Dynamic Weather Conditions. J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 26 (6), 1057-1073. doi:10.1175/2008JTECHA1150.1Full text not available from this repository.
Short-period (1–5 min) temperature and humidity soundings up to 10-km height are retrieved from ground-based 12-channel microwave radiometer profiler (MWRP) observations. In contrast to radiosondes, the radiometric retrievals provide very high temporal resolution (1 min or less) of thermodynamic profiles, but the vertical resolution, which declines in proportion to the height above ground level, is lower. The high temporal resolution is able to resolve detailed meso-γ-scale thermodynamic and limited microphysical features of various rapidly changing mesoscale and/or hazardous weather phenomena. To illustrate the MWRP capabilities and potential benefits to research and operational activities, the authors present example radiometric retrievals from a variety of dynamic weather phenomena including upslope supercooled fog, snowfall, a complex cold front, a nocturnal bore, and a squall line accompanied by a wake low and other rapid variations in low-level water vapor and temperature.
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