Gleason S., S. Lowe and V. Zavorotny (January 2009): Chapter 16 Bistatic Remote Sensing. In: GNSS Applications and Methods. The GNSS Technology and Applications Series . Artech House, 399-436. ISBN 978-1-59693-329-3Full text not available from this repository.
In addition to sensing the atmosphere, as described in Chapter 15, it is also possible to use GNSS signals as remote sensing radars, in both altimetry or scatterometry configurations. Chapter 16 overviews the novel area of remote-sensing the environment using bistatically reflected GNSS signals. Basic topics discussed include: reflection geometry, signal processing, ocean scattering, and surface modeling theory and potential applications. In addition, this chapter presents the applications of ocean altimetry, ocean scatterometry (wind and wave sensing), land sensing, and ice sensing, using the latest results from aircraft and spacecraft experiments. Included are Octave/MATLAB scripts that are capable of calculating specular reflection points on the Earth's surface as well as complete system models for generating multidimensional reflected signal maps. Additionally, a C based software receiver is included together with three space-based data sets (one from the ocean, one over land, and a third over sea ice) to allow readers to pursue their own ideas using real bistatic GNSS reflections data.
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