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CDC Publications, 1997-2001

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Hall, N. M. J., and P. D.Sardeshmukh, 1998: Is the time-mean Northern Hemisphere flow baroclinically unstable? J. Atmos. Sci., 55, 41-56.

Hamill, T. M., and C. Snyder, 2001: Using improved background error covariances from an ensemble Kalman filter for adaptive observations. Mon. Wea. Rev., in press.

Hamill, T. M., J. S. Whitaker, and C. Snyder, 2001: Distance-dependent filtering of background error covariance estimates in an ensemble Kalman filter. Mon. Wea. Rev., in press.

Hamill, T. M., 2001: Interpretation of rank histograms for verifying ensemble forecasts. Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 550-560.

Hamill, T. M., C. Snyder, D. P. Baumhefner, Z. Toth, and S. L. Mullen, 2000: Ensemble forecasting in the short to medium range: Report from a workshop. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 81, 2653-2664.

Hendon, H. H., 2000: Impact of air-sea coupling on the MJO in a GCM. J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 3939-3952.

Hendon, H. H., B. Liebmann, M. E. Newman, J. D. Glick, and J. E. Schemm, 2000: Medium range forecast errors associated with active episodes of the Madden-Julian oscillation. Mon. Wea. Rev., 128, 69-86.

Hendon, H. H., C. Zhang, and J. D. Glick, 1999: Interannual variation of the Madden-Julian oscillation during austral summer. J. Climate, 12, 2538-2550.

Hendon, H. H., B. Liebmann, and J. D. Glick, 1998: Oceanic Kelvin waves and the Madden-Julian oscillation. J. Atmos. Sci., 55, 88-101.

Hendon, H. H., and J. Glick, 1997: Intraseasonal air-sea interaction in the tropical Indian and western Pacific Oceans. J. Climate, 10, 647-661.

Hoerling, M. P., J. Hurrell, and T. Xu, 2001: Tropical origins for North Atlantic climate change. Science, 292, 90-92.

Hoerling, M. P., A. Kumar, and T. Xu, 2001: Robustness of the nonlinear climate response to ENSO's extreme phases. J. Climate, 14, 1277-1293.

Hoerling, M. P., J. S. Whitaker, A. Kumar, and W. Wang, 2001: The mid-latitude warming during 1998-2000. Geo. Res. Lett., 28, 755-758.

Hoerling, M. P., and A. Kumar, 2000: Understanding and predicting extratropical teleconnections related to ENSO. In El Niño and the Southern Oscillation: Multi-scale Variations and Global and Regional Impacts, H.F. Diaz and V. Markgraf (Eds.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 57-88.

Hoerling, M. P., and A. Kumar, 1997: Why do North American climate anomalies differ from one El Niño event to another? Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 1059-1062.

Hoerling, M. P., A. Kumar, and M. Zhong, 1997: El Niño, La Niña, and the nonlinearity of their teleconnections. J. Climate, 10, 1769-1786.

Hoerling, M. P., and A. Kumar, 1997: Origins of extreme climate states during the 1982-83 ENSO winter. J. Climate, 10, 2859-2870.

Huang, H.-P., B. Galperin, and S. Sukoriansky, 2001: Anisotropic spectra in two-dimensional turbulence on the surface of a rotating sphere. Phys. Fluids, 13, 225-240.

Huang, H.-P., K. M. Weickmann, and C. J. Hsu, 2001: Trend in atmospheric angular momentum in a transient climate change simulation with greenhouse gas and aerosol forcing. J. Climate, 14, 1525-1534.

Huang, H.-P., and P. D. Sardeshmukh, 2000: Another look at the annual and semiannual cycles of atmospheric angular momentum. J. Climate, 13, 3221-3238.

Huang, H.-P., P. D. Sardeshmukh, and K. M. Weickmann, 1999: The balance of global angular momentum in a long-term atmospheric data set. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 2031-2040.

Huang, H.-P., 1999: Scale-dependent properties of optimal perturbations on a zonally varying barotropic flow. J. Atmos. Sci., 56, 1238-1247.

Huang, H.-P., and W. A. Robinson, 1998: Two-dimensional turbulence and persistent zonal jets in a global barotropic model. J. Atmos. Sci., 55, 611-632.

Jackson, S., R. S. Webb, J. T. Overpeck, K. A. Anderson, T. Webb III, J. Williams, B. C. S. Hansen, 2000: Vegetation and environment in eastern North America during the last glacial maximum. Quat. Sci. Rev., 19, 489-508.

Jain, S., and U. Lall, 2001: Floods in a changing climate: Does the past represent the future? Water Resour. Res., in press.

Jain, S., and U. Lall, 2000: Magnitude and timing of annual maximum floods: Trends and large-scale climatic associations for the Blacksmith Fork River, Utah. Water Resour. Res., 36, 3641-3651.

Johnson, R. H., and B. E. Mapes, 2001: Mesoscale processes and severe convective weather. In Severe Convective Weather, AMS Monograph, American Meteorological Society, Boston, in press.

Kerwin, M., J. T. Overpeck, R. S. Webb, A. DeVernal, D. H. Rind, and R. J. Healy, 1999: The role of oceanic forcing in mid-Holocene Northern Hemisphere Climatic Change. Paleoceanography, 14, 200-210.

Kiladis, G. N. and K. M. Weickmann, 1997: Horizontal structure and seasonality of large-scale circulations associated with submonthly tropical convection. Mon. Wea. Rev., 125, 1997-2013.

Kumar, A., A. G. Barnston, and M. P. Hoerling, 2001: Seasonal predictions, probabilistic verifications, and ensemble size. J. Climate, 14, 1671-1676.

Kumar, A., W. Wang, M. P. Hoerling, A. Leetma, and M. Ji, 2001: The sustained North American warming of 1997 and 1998. J. Climate, 14, 345-353.

Kumar, A., A. Barnston, P. Peng, M. P. Hoerling, and L. Goddard, 2000: Changes in the spread of the seasonal mean atmospheric states associated with ENSO. J. Climate, 13, 3139-3151.

Kumar, A., and M. P. Hoerling, 2000: Analysis of a conceptual model of seasonal climate variability and implications for seasonal prediction. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 81, 255-264.

Kumar, A., and M. P. Hoerling, 1998: On the specification of regional SSTs in AGCM simulations. J. Geophy. Res., 103, 8901-8907.

Kumar, A., and M. P. Hoerling, 1998: Annual cycle of Pacific/North American seasonal predictability associated with different phases of ENSO. J. Climate, 11, 3295-3308.

Kumar, A., and M. P. Hoerling, 1997: Interpretation and implications of observed inter-El Niño variability. J. Climate, 10, 83-91.

Liebmann, B., and J. A. Marengo, 2001: Interannual variability of the rainy season and rainfall in the Brazilian Amazon Basin. J. Climate, in press.

Liebmann, B., C. Jones, and L. M. V. de Carvalho, 2001: Interannual variability of daily extreme precipitation events in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. J. Climate, 14, 208-218.

Liebmann, B., G. N. Kiladis, J. A. Marengo, T. Ambrizzi, and J. D. Glick, 1999: Submonthly convective variability over South America and the South Atlantic convergence zone. J. Climate, 12, 1877-1891.

Liebmann, B., J. A. Marengo, J. D. Glick, V. E. Kousky, I. C. Wainer, and O. Massambani, 1998: A comparison of rainfall, outgoing longwave radiation, and divergence over the Amazon Basin. J. Climate, 11, 2898-2909.

Liebmann, B., H. H. Hendon, and J. D. Glick, 1997: On the generation of two-day convective disturbances across the western equatorial Pacific. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 75, 939-946.

Lo, F., and H. H. Hendon, 2000: Empirical prediction of the MJO. Mon. Wea. Rev., 128, 2528-2543.

Lucas, L. E., D. E. Waliser, P. P. Xie, J. E. Janowiak, and B. Liebmann, 2001: Estimating the satellite equatorial crossing time biases in the daily, global outgoing longwave radiation dataset. J. Climate, 14, 2583-2605.

Mapes, B. E., 2001: Water's two height scales: the moist adiabat and the radiative troposphere. Quart. J. Roy. Met. Soc., in press.

Mapes, B. E., and X. Wu, 2001: Convective eddy momentum tendencies in long cloud-resolving model simulations. J. Atmos. Sci., 58, 517-526.

Mapes, B. E., 2000: Convective inhibition, subgridscale triggering, and stratiform instability in a toy tropical wave model. J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 1515-1535.

Mapes, B. E., 1998: The large-scale part of tropical mesoscale convective system circulations: a linear vertical spectral band model. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 76, 29-55.

Mapes, B. E., 1997: Equilibrium vs. activation controls on large-scale variations of tropical deep convection. In The Physics and Parameterization of Moist Convection, R. K. Smith (Ed.), Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 321-358.

Mapes, B. E., 1997: Mutual adjustment of mass flux and stratification profiles. In The Physics and Parameterization of Moist Convection, R. K. Smith (Ed.), Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 399-412.

Marengo, J. A., B. Liebmann, V. E. Kousky, N. P. Filizola, and I. C. Wainer, 2001: Onset and end of the rainy season in the Brazilian Amazon Basin. J. Climate, 14, 833-852.

Markgraf, V. and H. F. Diaz, 2000: The past ENSO record: A synthesis. In El Niño and the Southern Oscillation: Multiscale Variability and Global and Regional Impacts, H. F. Diaz and V. Markgraf (Eds.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 465-488.

Markgraf, V., T. R. Baumgartner, J. P. Bradbury, H. F. Diaz, R. B. Dunbar, B. H. Luckman, G. O. Seltzer, R. W. Swetnam, and R. Villalba, 2000: Paleoclimate reconstruction along the Pole-Equator-Pole transect of the Americas (PEP 1). Quat. Sci. Rev., 19, 125-140.

Marshall, S., R. J. Oglesby, K. A. Maasch and G. T. Bates, 1999: Improving climate model representations of snow hydrology. Environmental Modelling and Software, 14, 327-334.

Meehl, G. A., R. Lukas, G. Kiladis, K. Weickmann, A. Matthews, and M. Wheeler, 2001: A conceptual framework for time and space scale interactions in the climate system. Clim. Dyn., in press.

Meehl, G. A., T. Karl, D. R. Easterling, S. Changnon, R. Pielke, Jr., D. Changnon, J. Evans, P. Y. Groisman, T. R. Knutson, K. E. Kunkel, L.O. Means, C. Parmesan, R. Pulwarty, T. Root, R. T. Sykes, P. Whetton, and F. Zwiers, 2000: An introduction to trends in extreme weather and climate events: observations, socioeconomic impacts, terrestrial ecological impacts, and model projections. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 81, 413-416.

Newby, P. E., P. Killoran, M. R. Waldorf, R. S. Webb, and T. Webb III, 2000: 11,500 years of sediment, vegetation and water level changes at the Makepeace Cedar Swamp, Southeastern Massachusetts. Quat. Res., 53, 352-368.

Newman, M. E., M. A. Alexander, C. R. Winkler, J. D. Scott, and J. J. Barsugli, 2000: A linear diagnosis of the coupled extratropical ocean-atmosphere system in the GFDL AGCM. Atmos. Sci. Lett., 1, 1-8.

Newman, M., P. D. Sardeshmukh, and J. W. Bergman, 2000: An assessment of the NCEP, NASA and ECMWF reanalyses over the tropical west Pacific warm pool. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 81, 41-48.

Newman, M., and P. D. Sardeshmukh, 1998: The impact of the annual cycle on the North Pacific/North American response to remote low frequency forcing. J. Atmos. Sci., 55, 1336-1353.

Newman, M., P. D. Sardeshmukh, and C. Penland, 1997: Stochastic forcing of the wintertime extratropical flow. J. Atmos. Sci., 54, 435-455.

Overpeck, J. T., and R. S. Webb, 2000: Non-glacial rapid climate events: Past and future. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 97, 1335-1338.

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