DOE Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program

Investigations of the Microphysical, Radiative, and Dynamical Properties of Mixed-Phase Clouds.
PI: Matthew Shupe (U. Colorado)


Project Abstract



Papers Under This Grant (2006 - Present)

  1. Shupe, M.D., S.Y. Matrosov, and T. Uttal, 2006: Arctic mixed-phase cloud properties derive from surface-based sensors at SHEBA. J. Atmos. Sci., 63, 697-711.
  2. Daniel, J.S. R.W. Portman, H.L. Miller, S. Solomon, A.L. Langford, C.E. Eubank, R. Schofield, D.D. Turner, and M.D. Shupe, 2006: Cloud property estimates from zenith spectral measurements of scattered sunlight between 0.9 and 1.7 um. J. Geophys. Res., 111, D16208, doi: 10.1029/2005JD006641.
  3. Comstock, J.M., R. d'Entremont, D. DeSlover, G.G. Mace, S.Y. Matrosov, S.A. McFarlane, P. Minnis, D. Mitchell, K. Sassen, M.D. Shupe, D.D. Turner, and Z. Wang, 2007: An intercomparison of microphysical retrieval algorithms for upper tropospheric ice clouds. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 88, 191-204.
  4. Verlinde, J., J.Y. Harrington, G.M. McFarquhar, V.T. Yannuzzi, A. Avramov, S. Greenberg, N. Johnson, G. Zhang, M.R. Poellot, J.H. Mather, D.D. Turner, E.W. Eloranta, B.D. Zak, A.J. Prenni, J.S. Daniel, G.L. Kok, D.C. Tobin, R. Holz, K. Sassen, D. Spangenberg, P. Minnis, T.P. Tooman, M.D. Ivey, S.J. Richardson, C.P. Bahrmann, M.D. Shupe, P.J. Demott, A.J. Heymsfield, and R. Schofield, 2007: The Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment (M-PACE). Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 88, 205-220.
  5. Schofield, R., J.S. Daniel, R.W. Portmann, H.L. Miller, S. Solomon, C. S. Eubank, M.L. Melamed, A.O. Langford, M.D. Shupe, and D.D. Turner, 2007: Retrieval of effective radius and liquid water path from ground-based instruments: A case study at Barrow, Alaska. J. Geophys. Res., 112, D21203, doi:10.1029/2007JD008737.
  6. Shupe, M.D., 2007: A ground-based multiple remote-sensor cloud phase classifier. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L22809, doi: 10.1029/2007GL031008.
  7. Shupe, M.D., P. Kollias, M. Poellot, and E. Eloranta, 2008: On deriving vertical air motions from cloud radar Doppler spectra. J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 25, 547-557.
  8. Shupe, M.D., P. Kollias, P.O.G. Persson, and G.M. McFarquhar, 2008: Vertical motions in Arctic mixed-phase stratus. J. Atmos. Sci., 65, 1304-1322.
  9. Shupe, M.D., J.S. Daniel, G. De Boer, E.W. Eloranta, P. Kollias, E. Luke, C.N. Long, D.D. Turner, and J. Verlinde, 2008: A focus on mixed-phase clouds: The status of ground-based observational methods. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 87, 1549-1562.
  10. Klein, S.A. and Coauthors (including M.D. Shupe), 2009: Intercomparison of model simulations of mixed-phase clouds observed during the ARM Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment. Part I: Single layer cloud. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 135, 979-1002.
  11. Morrison, H. and Coauthors (including M.D. Shupe), 2009: Intercomparison of model simulations of mixed-phase clouds observed during the ARM Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment. Part II: Multi-layered cloud. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 135, 1003-1019.
  12. de Boer, G., E. W. Eloranta, and M.D. Shupe, 2009: Arctic mixed-phase stratiform cloud properties from multiple years of surface-based measruemetns at two high-latitude locations. J. Atmos. Sci., 66, 2874-2887.
  13. Solomon, A., H. Morrison, O. Persson, M.D. Shupe, and J.-W. Bao, 2009: Investigations of microphysical parameterizations of snow and ice in Arctic clouds during M-PACE through model-observation comparison. Mon. Wea. Rev., 137, 3110-3128.
  14. Luke, E., P. Kollias, and M.D. Shupe, 2010: Detection of supercooled liquid in mixed-phase clouds using radar Doppler spectra. J. Geophys. Res., 115, D19201, doi:10.1029/2009JD012884.
  15. Dong, X., B. Xi, K. Crosby, C.N. Long, R.S. Stone, and M.D. Shupe, 2010: A 10-year climatology of Arctic cloud fraction and radiative forcign at Barrow, Alaska. J. Geophys. Res., 115, D17212, doi: 10.1029/2009JD013489.
  16. de Boer, G., H. Morrison, M. D. Shupe, and R. Hildner, 2011: Evidence of liquid dependent ice nucleation in high-latitude stratiform clouds from surface remote sensors. Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L01803, doi:10.1029/2010GL046016.
  17. McFarquhar, G.M, and Coauthors (including M.D. Shupe), 2011: Indirect and Semi-Direct Aerosol Campaign (ISDAC): The impact of Arctic aerosols on clouds. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 92, 183-201.
  18. Shupe, M.D., V.P. Walden, E. Eloranta, T. Uttal, J.R. Campbell, S.M. Starkweather, and M. Shiobara, 2011: Clouds at Arctic Atmospheric Observatories, Part I: Occurrence and macrophysical properties. J. Appl. Meteor. Clim., 50, 626-644.
  19. Shupe, M.D., 2011: Clouds at Arctic Atmospheric Observatories, Part II: Thermodynamic phase characteristics. J. Appl. Meteor. Clim., 50, 645-661.
  20. Lance, S., M. D. Shupe, G. Feingold, C. A. Brock, J. Cozic, J. S. Holloway, R. H. Moore, A. Nenes, J. P. Schwarz, J. R. Spackman, K. D. Froyd, D. M. Murphy, J. Brioude, O. R. Cooper, A. Stohl, and J. F. Burkhart, 2011: CCN as a modulator of ice processes in Arctic mixed-phase clouds. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 8003-8015, doi:10.5194/acp-11-8003-2011.
  21. Solomon, A., M. D. Shupe, P.O.G. Persson, and H. Morrison, 2011: Moisture and dynamical interactions maintaining decoupled Arctic mixed-phase stratocumulus in the presence of a humidity inversion. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 10127-10148.
  22. Morrison, H., G. de Boer, G. Feingold, J. Harrington, M. D. Shupe, and K. Sulia, 2012: Resilience of persistent Arctic mixed-phase clouds. Nature Geoscience, 5, 11-17, doi: 10.1038/NGE01332.
  23. Fridlind, A. M., B. van Diedenhoven, A. S. Ackerman, A. Avramov, A. Mrowiec, H. Morrison, P. Zuidema, and M. D. Shupe, 2012: A FIRE-ACE/SHEBA case study of mixed-phase Arctic boundary-layer clouds: Entrainment rate limitations on rapid primary ice nucleation processes. J. Atmos. Sci., 69, 365-389.
  24. Sedlar, J., M. D. Shupe, and M. Tjernstrom, 2012: On the relationship between thermodynamic structure, cloud top, and climate significance in the Arctic. J. Climate, 25, 2374-2393.
  25. de Boer, G., W. Chapman, J. Kay, B. Medeiros, M.D. Shupe, S. Vavrus, and J. Walsh, 2012: A characterization of the present-day Arctic Atmosphere in CCSM4. J. Climate, 25, 2676-2695.
  26. Birch, C. E., I. M. Brooks, M. Tjernstrom, M. D. Shupe, T. Mauritsen, J. Sedlar, A. P. Lock, P. Earnshaw, P.O.G. Persson, S.F. Milton, and C. Leck, 2012: Modelling atmospheric structure, cloud and their response to CCN in the Central Arctic: ASCOS case studies. , Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 3419-3435.
  27. Matrosov, S. Y., G. G. Mace, R. Marchand, M. D. Shupe, A. G. Haller, and I. B. McCubbin, 2012: Influence of ice hydrometeor habits on scanning polarimetric cloud radar measurements. J. Atmos. Oceanic. Technol, 29, 989-1008, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-11-00131.1.
  28. Zhao, C., S. Xie, S. A. Klein, A. Protat, M. D. Shupe, S. A. McFarlane, J. Comstock, J. Delenoe, M. Deng, M. Dunn, R. Hogan, D. Huang, M. P. Jensen, G. G. Mace, R. McCoy, E. J. O’Connor, D. D. Turner, and Z. Wang, 2012: Towards understanding of differences in current cloud retrievals of ARM ground-based measurements. J. Geophys. Res., 117,D10206,doi:10.1029/2011JD016792.
  29. Shupe, M. D., I. Brooks, and G.Canut, 2012: Evaluation of turbulent dissipation rate retrievals from Doppler cloud radar. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 5, 1375-1385, doi:10.5194/amt-5-1375-2012.
  30. Marchand, R., G. G. Mace, A. G. Hallar, I. B. McCubbin, S. Y. Matrosov, and M. D. Shupe, 2013: Enhanced radar backscattering due to oriented ice particles at 95-GHz during StormVex. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 30, 2336-2351.
  31. Shupe, M. D., P. O. G. Persson, I. M. Brooks, M. Tjernstrom, J. Sedlar, T. Mauritsen, S. Sjogren, and C. Leck, 2013: Cloud and boundary layer interactions over the Arctic sea ice in late summer. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 9379-9400.
  32. Solomon, A. S., M. D. Shupe, P. O. G. Persson, H. Morrison, T. Yamaguchi, P. M. Caldwell, and G. de Boer, 2014: The sensitivity of springtime Arctic mixed-phase stratocumulus clouds to surface layer and cloud-top inversion layer moisture. J. Atmos. Sci., 71, 574-595. Doi:10.1175/JAS-D-13-0179.1.
  33. de Boer, G., M. D. Shupe, P. M. Caldwall, S. E. Bauer, O. Persson, J. S. Boyle, M. Kelley, S. A. Klein, and M. Tjernström, 2014: Near-surface meteorology during the Arctic Surface Cloud Ocean Study (ASCOS): Evaluation of reanalyses and global climate models. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 427-445, doi:10.5194/acp-14-427-2014.
  34. Ovchinnikov, M., and Coauthors (including M. D. Shupe), 2014: Intercomparison of large-eddy simulations of Arctic mixed-phase clouds: Importance of ice size distribution assumptions. J. Adv. Model. Earth Systems, 6, 223-248, doi:10.1002/2013MC000282.
  35. Sedlar, J. and M. D. Shupe, 2014: Characteristic nature of vertical motions observed in Arctic mixed-phase stratocumulus. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 3461-3478, doi:10.5194/acp-14-3461-2014.
  36. Cox, C. J., D. D. Turner, P. M. Rowe, M. D. Shupe, and V. P. Walden, 2014: Cloud microphysical properties retrievd from downwelling infrared radiance measurements made at Eureka, Nunavut, Candada (2006-2009). J. Appl. Meteor. Clim., 53, 772-791, doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-13-0113.1.
  37. Intrieri, J. M., G. de Boer, M. D. Shupe, J. R. Spackman, J. Wang, P. J. Neiman, G. A. Wick, T. Hock, and R. E. Hood, 2014: Global Hawk dropsonde observations of the Arctic atmosphere during the Winter Storms and Pacific Atmospheric Rivers (WISPAR) field campaign. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 3917-3926, doi:10.5194/amt-7-3917-2014.
  38. Sotiropoulou, G., J. Sedlar, M. Tjernström, M. D. Shupe, I. M. Brooks, and P. O. G. Persson, 2014: The thermodynamic structure of summer Arctic stratocumulus and the dynamic coupling to the surface. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 12573-12592, doi:10.5194/acp-14-12573-2014.
  39. Shupe, M. D., D. D. Turner, A. Zwink, M. M. Theiman, M. J. Mlawer, and T. R. Shippert, 2015: Deriving Arctic cloud microphysics at Barrow: Algorithms, results, and radiative closure. J. Appl. Meteor. Clim., in press.
  40. Shupe, M. D., J. M. Comstock, D. D. Turner, and G. G. Mace, 2014: Cloud property retrievals in the ARM Program. In the ARM Program, AMS Monograph, submitted.
  41. Verlinde, J., B. D. Zak, M. D. Shupe, M. D. Ivey, and K. Stamnes, 2014: The North Slope of Alaska (NSA) sites. In the ARM Program, AMS Monograph, submitted.
  42. Solomon, A., G. Feingold, and M. D. Shupe, 2015: The role of ice nuclei recycling in the maintenance of cloud ice in Arctic mixed-phase stratocumulus. Atmos. Chem. Phys., submitted.
  43. Cox, C. J., V. P. Walden, P. M. Rowe, and M. D. Shupe, 2015: Humidity trends imply increased sensitivity to clouds in a warming Arctic. Nature Communications, submitted.
  44. Uttal, T., and Coauthors (including M. D. Shupe), 2015: International Arctic Systems for Observing the Atmosphere (IASOA): An International Polar Year legacy consortium. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., submitted.

Presentations and Posters

  1. Extended Abstract: 2005 ARM Science Team Meeting
    Arctic Mixed-Phase Cloud Properties Derived from Surface-Based Sensors.
  2. Poster: 2005 ARM Science Team Meeting
    Arctic Mixed-phase Cloud Properties Derived from Surface-Based Sensors.
  3. Poster: 2006 ARM Science Team Meeting
    Towards a Characterization of Arctic Mixed-Phase Clouds.
  4. Presentation: 2007 ARM Science Team Meeting
    Vertical Motion and Microphysics in Arctic Mixed-Phase Stratus.
  5. Poster: 2007 ARM Science Team Meeting
    Vertical Motions in Arctic Mixed-Phase Stratus.
  6. Poster: 2008 ARM Science Team Meeting
    An Evaluation of Cloud Microphysics and Radiation Calculations at the NSA.
  7. Poster: 2009 ARM Science Team Meeting
    A Comparison of Spring and Fall Arctic Mixed-Phase Clouds.
  8. Poster: 2010 ARM Science Team Meeting
    Observing Mixed-Phase Cloud Microphysical-Dynamical Processes.
  9. Poster: 2011 ASR Science Team Meeting
    Dynamical and Microphysical Characteristics and Interactiosn in Arctic Mixed-Phase Clouds.
  10. Poster: 2012 ASR Science Team Meeting
    Turbulence Profiles and Cloud-Surface Coupling in Arctic Stratiform Clouds.

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