Climate Timeseries

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Download Climate Timeseries

The following is a list of relevant historic timeseries relating to surface pressure, SST (calculated using the HadISST dataset) and other climate variables. We will try to keep them updated though not all are updated at the source. More timeseries may be added in the future. Click on the Analyze/Plot button to visualize the different timeseries. Click on a description to get timeseries and download information.

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Climate Indices

Timeseries NameStart YearEnd Year
Southern Oscillation Index (SOI)1866 Nov 2006
Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) 20CR18712010
North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO): here, the normalized pressure difference between Gibraltar and SW Iceland.1821 Jan 2012
Reconstructed North Atlantic Oscillation (RNAO): Reconstructed monthly NAO.1658 Jul 2001
Arctic Oscillation (AO)1950 Feb 2005
Trans Polar Index (TPI): normalized pressure difference between Hobart and Stanley1895 Dec 2006
Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO): From JIASO1900 Feb 2007
North Pacific Index: From NCAR1899 Dec 2011

Station SLP Timeseries

Timeseries NameStart YearEnd Year
South-West Iceland SLP1821 Dec 2002
Ponta Delgada, Azores SLP1865 Dec 2002
Gilbraltar SLP1821 Dec 2002
Nagasaki SLP1818 Dec 2000
Madras SLP1796 Jan 2005
Darwin SLP1866 Jan 2006
Tahiti SLP1856 Jan 2006

SST and Other Climate Timeseries

Timeseries NameStart YearEnd Year
Niño 3: SST 5N-5S,150W-90W 1870 Dec 2011
Niño 3.4: SST 5N-5S,170W-120W1870 Dec 2011
Niño 4: SST 5N-5S, 160E-150W1870 Mar 2012
Niño 1+2: SST 0N-10S, 90W-80W1870 May 2010
AMO: SST Atlantic north of 0N.1871 Jun 2006
Global Average Temperature Anomalies: Calculated from station data1880 Sep 2009
Global Average Temperature and SST Anomalies: Calculated from station data and SST1880 Sep 2009
Global Average Temperature and SST Anomalies: From CRU Calculated from station data and SST1856[an error occurred while processing this directive]
Monthly sunspot counts: From SIDC1749 Mar 2012

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Document maintained by Cathy Smith (
Updated: Apr 24, 2013 11:09:25 MDT
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