Evaluating CarbonTracker (CT) Performance During the North American Carbon Program Mid-Continent Intensive Campaign
G. Petron1, A. Andrews2, A. Jacobson2, C. Sweeney2, M. Trudeau2, K. Masarie2, P. Tans2, J. Eluszkiewicz3, T. Nehrkorn3, J. Henderson3, S. Ogle4, A. Schuh5, K. Davis6, T. Lauvaux6, T. Miles6, S. Richardson6, T. West7, L. Olsen7, B. Cook7, V.Y. Chow8, A. Michalak9, S. Gourdji9, K. Mueller9, P. Shepson10, D. Martins11 and K. Gurney10
1Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309; 303-497-4890, E-mail: email@example.com
2NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory, Boulder, CO 80305
3Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc., Lexington, MA 02421-3136
4Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523
5Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523
6Department of Meteorology, Penn State University, University Park, PA 16802
7Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831
8Biosphere-Atmosphere Exchange Group, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138
9Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109
10Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907
11Purdue University, Department of Meteorology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802
The Mid-Continent Intensive (MCI) took place in Iowa and its border states from May 2007 to November 2009. The objective of the MCI was to provide dense atmospheric CO2 monitoring in the region and to bring together experts from the “bottom-up” inventory and eco-system modeling community and “top-down” atmospheric modelers to estimate the region’s CO2 budget. To alleviate the under-constrained nature of the inverse problem, researchers from Pennsylvania State University instrumented five transmitter towers in the upper Midwest to measure well-calibrated atmospheric CO2 mole fractions at 110/120m above ground level (Ring 2 data set). The Global Monitoring Division (GMD) instrumented the West Branch Iowa (WBI) tall tower in July 2007 with quasi-continuous CO2 and CO analyzers and daily air sample collection. GMD also conducted regular (~ bimonthly) aircraft profiles with discrete air sampling at 6 locations within the MCI region. Researchers from Purdue University collaborated with the GMD aircraft group for several flights in May-June 2007 with continuous CO2 measurements.
Mid-afternoon averages from the Iowa tall tower WBI have been assimilated in the most recent version of CarbonTracker (CT2009). It showed a substantial impact on the optimized North America Temperate Crop Net Ecosystem Exchange. A branch inversion was done with the Ring 2 data being assimilated as well. Results from the branch inversion did not differ significantly from the CT2009 run. Furthermore the summertime positive biases of the modeled CO2 at most North American site including WBI remain in both inversions. The inability of CT to match the observations better during the growing season in the MCI region and its more general summer time positive bias are being investigated. Here we will report on recent findings based on analyses with the Stochastic Time-Inverted Lagrangian Transport Lagrangian Particle Disperson Model. We will also present some work done in collaboration with the other top-down working groups at Penn State University and Colorado State University.